Home  >  Rescources  >  Knife Articles  >  Table of Different Steels

Table of Different Steels

Carbon (C) 1. Increases edge retention and raises tensile strength
2. Increases hardness and improves resistance to wear and abrasion

Chromium (Cr) 1. Increases hardness, tensile strength and toughness
2. Provides resistance to wear and corrosion

Cobalt (Co) 1. Increases strength and hardness and permits quenching in higher temperatures
2. Intensifies the individual effects of other elements in more complex steels

Copper (Cu) 1. Increases corrosion resistance
2. Increases wear resistance

Manganese (Mn) 1. Increases hardenability, wear resistance and tensile strength
2. De-oxidizes and de-gasifies to remove oxygen from molten metal
3. In larger quantities, increases hardness and brittleness

Molybdenum (Mo) 1. Increases strength, hardness, hardenability, and toughness
2. Improves machinability and resistance to corrosion

Nickel (Ni) 1. Adds strength, hardness and corrosion resistance
Phosphorous (P) 1. Improves strength, machinability and hardness
2. Creates brittleness in high concentrations

Silicon (Si) 1. Increases yield strength
2. Increases tensile strength
3. De-oxidizes and de-gasifies to remove oxygen from molten metal

Sulphur (S) 1. Improves machinability when used in minute quantities
Tungsten (W) 1. Adds strength, toughness and hardness
Vanadium (V) 1. Increases strength, hardness and resistance to shock impact
2. Retards grain growth


   

Steel Chart

STEELS
ALLOYS
GIN-
1(G-
2)*
ATS-
34
ATS-
55
AUS-
6 (6A)
AUS-
8 (8A)
AUS-
10 (10A)
CPM
420V
CPM
440V
O-
1
SANDVIK-
120C
W-
2
154CM10955160 52100
CARBON0.901.051.000.55-
0.65
0.70-
0.75
0.95-
1.10
2.202.15
0.85-
1.00
0.580.85-
1.50
1.050.90-
1.03
0.56-
0.64
1.10
CHROMIUM15.5014.0014.0013.00-
14.50
13.00-
14.50
13.00-
14.50
13.0017.00
0.40-
0.60
14.000.1514.00-
0.70-
0.90
1.50
COBALT-
-
0.40-
-
-
-
-

-
-
-
-
-
-
-

COPPER-
-
0.20-
-
-
-
-

-
-
-
-
-
-
-

MANGANESE0.600.400.501.000.500.50-
0.40
1.00-
1.40
0.350.10-
0.40
0.500.30-
0.50
0.75-
1.00
0.35
MOLYBDENUM0.304.000.60-
0.10-
0.30
0.10-
0.30
1.000.40
-
-
0.104.00-
-
-

NICKEL-
-
-
0.490.490.49-
-

-
-
0.20-
-
-
-

PHOSPHORUS0.020.03-
0.040.040.04-
-

-
-
-
-
0.040.035-

SILICON0.370.350.401.001.001.00-
0.40
-
0.350.10-
0.40
0.30-
0.15-
0.30
0.35
SULPHUR0.030.02-
0.030.030.03-
-

-
-
-
-
0.050.04-

TUNGSTEN-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

0.40-
0.60
-
0.15-
-
-
-

VANADIUM-
-
-
0.10-
0.25
0.10-
0.25
0.10-
0.25
9.005.50
0.30-
0.15-
0.35
-
-
-
-

STEELS
ALLOYS
VG-
10
MBS-
26
440A440B440C440XH
(Stainless
D-2)
425
MODIFIED
BG-42
CARBON0.95-
1.05
0.85-
1.00
0.60-
0.75
0.75-
0.95
0.95-
1.20
1.600.541.15
CHROMIUM14.50-
15.50
13.00-
15.00
16.00-
18.00
16.00-
18.00
16.00-
18.00
16.0013.5014.50
COBALT1.30-
1.50
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

COPPER-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

MANGANESE0.500.30-
0.60
1.001.001.000.500.350.50
MOLYBDENUM0.90-
1.20
0.15-
0.25
0.750.750.750.801.004.00
NICKEL-
-
-
-
-
0.35-
-

PHOSPHORUS0.300.040.040.040.04-
-
-

SILICON0.600.651.001.001.000.400.350.30
SULPHUR-
0.010.030.030.03-
-
-

TUNGSTEN-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

VANADIUM0.10-
0.30
-
-
-
-
0.45-
1.20

*GIN-1 (Gingami 1) is the accurate manufacturer's reference name for this steel. GIN-1 is also known as G-2.

Site Updated:
Read more...